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Adaptation means accustom in the adverse effects of climate change and taking appropriate action to prevent or minimize the damage climate change can cause.Adaptation seeks to lower the risks posed by the consequences of climatic changes. It has been shown in various cases that well-planned and early adaptation action can save many lives and money.

Examples of adaptation measures include1:

·         Using scarce water resources more efficiently;

·         Adapting building codes to future climate conditions and extreme weather events;

·         Building flood defences

·         Developing drought-tolerant crops;

·         Choosing tree species and forestry practices less vulnerable to storms and fires;

·         Setting aside land corridors to help species migrate

Adaptation is the principal way to deal with the impacts of a changing climate. It involves taking practical actions to manage risks from climate impacts, protect communities and strengthen the resilience of the economy. Adaptation is a shared responsibility. Governments at all levels, businesses and households each have complementary roles to play. Individuals and businesses will often be best placed to make adaptation decisions that reduce climate risks to their assets and livelihoods. The Government’s investment in adaptation research is complementary and parallel to the Direct Action Plan to reduce emissions.2

Source: 1) 2)